The authors of this study aimed to develop an artificial intelligence (AI)-based fully automated CT image analysis system in order to detect and diagnose pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). This was achieved through the retrospective use of 892 chest CT scans from pathogen-confirmed TB patients. It was found that the end-to-end AI system based on chest CT is able to achieve human-level diagnostic performance in the early detection and clinical management of patients with pulmonary TB.
- Deep learning allows automatic detection, diagnosis, and evaluation of pulmonary tuberculosis.
- Artificial intelligence helps clinicians to assess patients with tuberculosis.
- Pulmonary tuberculosis disease activity and treatment management can be improved.
Authors: Chenggong Yan, Lingfeng Wang, Jie Lin, Jun Xu, Tianjing Zhang, Jin Qi, Xiangying Li, Wei Ni, Guangyao Wu, Jianbin Huang, Yikai Xu, Henry C. Woodruff & Philippe Lambin